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What is Domestic Violence in NC?

raleigh domestic violence attorney

Domestic violence is a deeply concerning issue that affects countless individuals and families across the state and country. From emotional abuse and psychological abuse to physical violence and financial manipulation, the impact of domestic abuse can be devastating.

At Doyle Divorce Law, our Raleigh domestic violence attorneys firmly believe that knowledge is power, and by shedding light on the legal aspects of domestic violence in North Carolina, we aim to empower our readers with the information they need to protect themselves and their loved ones.

Definition of Domestic Violence Under NC Law

According to North Carolina law, domestic violence refers to a pattern of abusive behavior used by one person to gain power and control over an intimate partner or family member. Intimate partner violence can manifest in various forms, including physical, emotional, psychological, sexual, or economic abuse. It's important to note that an abusive relationship doesn't discriminate based on gender or sexual orientation. Anyone can be a victim or an abusive partner of violent behavior or controlling behavior among family members.

Types of Relationships Covered by Domestic Violence Laws

North Carolina's domestic violence laws extend to a range of relationships beyond just marital ones. 

These laws cover:

  • Spouses and Former Spouses
  • Cohabitants
  • Parents and Children
  • Persons with a Child in Common
  • Persons in a Dating Relationship

Legal Framework for Domestic Violence in NC 

In North Carolina, domestic violence laws are established to protect individuals from various forms of abusive relationships. These laws are designed to provide legal remedies and protections for victims while holding perpetrators accountable for their actions. 

The Domestic Violence Act (Chapter 50B)

This statute outlines the procedures for obtaining a Domestic Violence Protection Order (DVPO), which aims to restrain an abuser from contacting or harming the victim. It defines the conditions under which a DVPO can be issued and the legal consequences for violating such an order.

Assault Laws (Chapter 14)

Various assault-related laws address physical assaults or verbal threats within domestic relationships. Depending on the severity of the assault, charges can range from simple assault to more serious offenses like assault with a deadly weapon.

Cyberstalking Laws (Chapter 14)

In the digital age, cyberstalking has become a concerning form of abuse. North Carolina law addresses cyberstalking and harassment, providing protection against online threats and intimidation within domestic relationships.

Forms of Domestic Violence Recognized in NC

Domestic violence manifests in various ways, each leaving a profound impact on the victim's physical and emotional well-being.

Physical Abuse

Physical abuse involves any intentional use of force that causes bodily harm or injury to an intimate partner or family member. This can encompass acts such as hitting, punching, slapping, choking, kicking, or using weapons to inflict harm. It also includes any behavior that leads to fear of imminent physical harm, even if direct physical contact is not made.

Emotional and Psychological Abuse

Emotional and psychological abuse involves behaviors that aim to control, manipulate, degrade, or isolate the victim. Examples include constant belittling, threats, intimidation, gaslighting, isolating the victim from friends and family, and undermining their self-esteem and confidence.

Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse involves any non-consensual sexual activity imposed on an intimate partner or family member. This includes rape, forced sexual acts, sexual harassment, and coercion into unwanted sexual activities.

Economic Abuse

Economic abuse refers to controlling or manipulating a victim's financial resources to maintain power and control over them. Examples include preventing the victim from accessing money, sabotaging their employment or educational opportunities, and coercing them into financial dependence.

Restraining Orders and Protective Orders for Domestic Violence Victims

Domestic Violence Protection Orders (DVPOs) are legal tools designed to safeguard victims of domestic violence from further harm. These orders, also commonly referred to as restraining orders or protective orders, prohibit abusers from contacting, approaching, or harming the victim and may include other specified provisions to ensure the victim's safety.

Filing a Petition

The victim, or their attorney, can file a petition at the local courthouse seeking a DVPO. The petition outlines the details of the abuse and the need for protection.

Emergency Ex Parte Order

In urgent cases, a judge may issue an emergency ex parte order without the abuser being present. This provides immediate protection for the victim while a full hearing is scheduled.

Full Hearing

A court hearing is scheduled within a specific timeframe (often around 10 days) to assess the necessity of a DVPO. Both the victim and the alleged abuser have the right to present evidence and make their case.

Issuance of the DVPO

If the judge finds sufficient evidence of domestic violence and a need for protection, a DVPO is issued. This order outlines the specific restrictions placed on the abuser and may include provisions related to contact, residence, child custody, and more.

Violation of Protection Orders and Consequences

Violating a DVPO is a serious offense with legal consequences. If the abuser disregards the order by attempting to contact the victim, approaching them, or committing any prohibited actions, they can face immediate arrest. The consequences for violating a protection order may include fines, jail time, probation, and potentially facing more severe charges if the violation involves threats or violence.

Reporting and Seeking Help for Domestic Violence

Recognizing the signs of domestic violence is crucial for both victims and those around them.

Some common indicators include:

  • Physical Injuries: Unexplained bruises, cuts, or injuries that the victim is unable or hesitant to explain.
  • Isolation: The victim becomes increasingly isolated from friends and family.
  • Constant Monitoring: The abuser monitors the victim's activities, messages, and whereabouts.
  • Fearful Behavior: The victim seems fearful, anxious, or depressed, especially when the abuser is present.
  • Controlled Finances: The victim has limited access to money and resources.
  • Verbal Abuse: The abuser consistently belittles, humiliates, or threatens the victim.
  • Sexual Coercion: The victim is forced into unwanted sexual acts.
  • Manipulation: The abuser uses guilt, gaslighting, or emotional manipulation to maintain control.
  • Deteriorating Health: Stress-related health problems emerge due to the abusive environment.

Reporting Domestic Violence to Law Enforcement

Reporting domestic violence to law enforcement is a critical step in ensuring your safety. If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911.

When reporting:

  • Stay Safe: If possible, go to a safe location away from the abuser.
  • Provide Details: Be prepared to provide specific information about the incidents, including dates, locations, and descriptions.
  • Request a DVPO: If you feel threatened, inform law enforcement about your desire to obtain a Domestic Violence Protection Order (DVPO).
  • Gather Evidence: If safe, document injuries and keep any relevant evidence, such as text messages or voicemails.

Hotlines and Resources for Domestic Violence Victims in NC

Various hotlines and resources are available to assist victims of domestic violence:

  • National Domestic Violence Hotline: Call 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) for confidential support and resources.
  • North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence: Provides information on local resources and shelters: 1-888-997-9124.
  • Local Shelters and Support Groups: Seek assistance from local shelters and organizations that offer support to victims.

Remember that you are not alone, and there are professionals ready to help you navigate through the challenges of domestic violence.

Contact Our Experienced Domestic Violence Lawyers in Raleigh Today

If you or someone you know is facing the devastating effects of domestic violence, know that you don't have to navigate this challenging journey alone. At Doyle Divorce Law, we are dedicated to providing compassionate and effective legal support to individuals and families dealing with domestic violence in Raleigh and beyond.

Our experienced team of family law attorneys understands the complexities of these cases and is committed to protecting your rights, safety, and well-being. We believe in empowering our clients with the knowledge and resources they need to make informed decisions for a brighter future.

Get started today by calling us at  (919) 301-8843 or filling out the contact form below.

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